Willard Leroy Metcalf
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Willard Leroy Metcalf Biography
American Impressionist painter
Student of: Gustave Clarence Rodolphe
Jules Joseph Lefebvre
Willard Leroy Metcalf attended the Mass. Normal Art School
(Boston), apprenticed as a wood engraver
(1874) and studied with George Loring Brown
(who taught him to draw accurately truths in
nature, and to paint Roman figures, judges
and wreathed heads with the same precision)
in South Boston and with Munich-trained
Ignaz Gaugengigl at the Lowell Institute.
The next year Willard Leroy Metcalf artist entered the Museum School
(Boston) and studied the Dutch tradition of
American paintings with Otto Grundmann. Willard Metcalf became the
1st scholarship recipient of the Museum
School (1878) and struggled to survive by
American painting illustrations for Harper’s (1882).
abroad, the artist absorbed the major stylistic
tendencies of the day -- from the academic
through Barbizon and Plein-air to
Impressionism -- both in Paris and during
summer sojourns at Pont Aven, Grez-sur-Loing
and Giverny. Sunset at Grez (1884-85;
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington, D.C.), The Ten Cent Breakfast
(1887; the Denver Art Museum, Colorado), and Mid-Summer Twilight, (1888; the
National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.), are outstanding Willard Metcalf paintings of this
|Willard Leroy Metcalf was born July 1, 1858, in Lowell Massachusetts, the son of Greenleaf Willard Metcalf, a violinist with the Boston Orchestra, and Margaret Jan Gallop, a loom tender.(1) In 1863, the Metcalf family moved to Maine, and eight years later, they moved to Cambridgeport, Massachusetts, where Willard Leroy Metcalf painter attended school. His parents believed in supernatural phenomena, and having been told in a séance that their son would become a famous painter, they encouraged him in that direction. By 1874, Metcalf had produced first Willard Metcalf paintings, and the artist attended night classes at the Massachusetts Normal Art School. From 1875 to 1877, he studied under noted landscapist George Loring Brown in Boston and apprenticed with him as a wood engraver. Willard Leroy Metcalf also studied with Munich-trained Ignaz Gaugengigl at the Lowell Institute. Metcalf won a scholarship to the School of the Museum of Fine Art, Boston and studied there from 1877 to 1878. Willard Metcalf earned a living by American paintings illustrations for several magazines in Putian oil painting base.|
In 1903, Willard Leroy Metcalf artist married Marguerite Beaufort Haile, an aspiring actress from New Orleans
who was his model.(3) Their life together
was characterized by excessive drinking and
socializing. In 1904, Metcalf moved to
Clark’s Cove, Maine. There Willard Leroy
drinking, and he began to concentrate on
American painting the northeastern landscape. the painter changed Willard Leroy Metcalf painting style, lightening his
palette and adopting the broken brushstrokes
characteristic of Impressionism. Metcalf
called this period his “Renaissance.”
In 1904, Willard Metcalf returned to New York with twenty-one landscapes, unlike anything he had painted before. Though he maintained a studio in New York City until his death, Metcalf spent much of his time traveling and American paintings in New England from Putian oil painting company. In 1909, Willard Leroy Metcalf painter joined the art colony in Cornish, New Hampshire. He painted at Old Lyme, where he was a prominent member of that artist colony, in the Berkshires, at Chester and Springfield, Vermont, and in Maine, at Casco Bay and the Damariscotta peninsula.- Willard Leroy Metcalf biography and online oil painting gallery of American paintings.
Born in Lowell, Massachusetts, Willard
Metcalf was a well-known East Coast
Impressionist painter, teacher, and
illustrator who also did painting in the
Southwest. Willard Leroy Metcalf was heralded in 1925 as the
"poet laureate of the New England hills."
Metcalf attended the Massachusetts Normal Art School in Boston, apprenticed as a wood engraver and studied with George Loring Brown and Ignaz Gaugengigi at the Lowell Institute. The next year Willard Leroy Metcalf entered the Museum School in Boston and studied the Dutch tradition of painting with Otto Grundmann. Willard Metcalf became the first scholarship recipient of the Museum School and struggled to survive by
American painting illustrations for Harper's magazine.
In 1901 Metcalf married his model Marguerite Beaufort Haile, an aspiring actress from New Orleans. When his wife ran off with painter Robert Nisbet the following year, Metcalf became an alcoholic, depressed and ill. In 1903 Willard Leroy Metcalf stopped drinking and began to lighten his palette and paint with a looser brush. The artist received rave reviews for Willard Leroy Metcalf painting from critics and finally felt at peace. In 1911 he had married Henriette Alice McCrea and the couple had two children. But it was during a period when he was still drinking and she divorced him in 1921. Willard Metcalf died in New York City on March 9, 1925.
List of American Paintings by Willard Leroy Metcalf
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